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1. What are regular roots in Arabic language? Regular roots consist of three distinct stable consonants. The majority of Arabic consonants are stable and produce regular root sequences when combined with two other stable consonants.

2. What are irregular roots in Arabic language? Regular roots do not consist of three distinct stable consonants.

3 What are the categories of irregular roots in Arabic language? Categories of irregular roots include doubled roots: where the second root letter and third root letters are the same. Weak roots: where one of three root letters is waw or y. Hamzated roots: where one of the root letters is hamza.

4. How is past tense formed in Arabic The past tense is formed by adding subject endings to a past tense "stem". The past tense stem of basic regular verbs is formed with the three root letters, usually separated by fatha. Some past tense have kasra as the second vowel and a few have damma as the second vowel.

5. How do you form a past tense negative with maA in Arabic There are two ways of forming a past tense negative: maA plus past tense verb. lam plus modified present tense verb. The simplest way of expressing a past tense negative is by adding maA directly in front of a past tense verb. Endings are added to the stem to show the subject of the verb. Separate pronouns are not usually needed with an Arabic verb since the case ending indicates the subject. However, pronouns are sometimes used for clarity or emphasis.

6. What is alif tanween in Arabic language? The object of the verb is grammatically accusative. If an Arabic noun is accusative indefinite and does not end in ta marbutah, it will usually be written with an additional alif tanween (pronounced -an)

7. What are doubled verbs in Arabic? Doubled verbs have the same second and third root letters. There is a straight forward rule that you can apply to doubled verbs in all tenses to know whether second and third letters are written separately, or written together with a shaddah. If the pattern for regular verb requires a sukuwn over the third letter, the roubled root letters are written separately. Otherwise, the doubled root letters are written together.

8. What are weak verbs in Arabic language? Weak verbs are those that have either w or y as one of their root letters. In Arabic, these two letters are unstable, sometimes representing the consonant sounds w and y, and some times the long vowel sounds oo and ee. In this tendency to transform a consonant to a vowel sound that makes these letters unstable.

9. What are types of weak verbs in Arabic language? Weak verbs are divided into three main categories, depending on which root letter is weak. Assimilated: the first root letter is weak. Hollow: the second root letter is weak. Defective: the third root letter is weak.

10. What are assimilated verbs in Arabic language? Assimilated verbs have w or y appearing as their first root letter. In the past tense, basic assimilated verbs behave entirely regularly because the weak letter is the initial sound of the verb and so keeps its full consonantal value.

11. What are hollow verbs in Arabic language? Hollow verbs have waw or ya as their second, or middle, root letter.

How past tense is contructed for hollow verbs in Arabic language? If the pattern for regular verbs requires a vowel over the third root letter, a long alif (aa) appears instead of the middle root letter. If the pattern for regular verb requires a sukuwn over the third letter, the middle root letter changes to a short vowel in hollow verbs; almost always to u (damma) for verbs with waw as the second root letter and i (kasra) for verbs with y.

How are the Arabic words constructed? The Arabic words are constructed in a similar way to English words. The Arabic alphabet has 28 letters. and these are divided into two groups, letters that represent consonants and letters that represent vowels. Arbic words are made up of one or more letters from each group.

How are the Arabic verbs constructed Verbs are usually constructed by adding one or more prefixes to the word base and, then adding one or more suffixes according to the past tenses, present tense and future tenses and subjunctive moods.

What are different types of nouns in Arabic? There are different types of nouns in Arabic. Some are common nouns, while others are proper nouns. Proper nouns are typically speific names of poeple, places or things.

What are different verb forms in Arabic language? There are three verb forms in Arabic: the active, the passive, and the reflexive. The active verb form is used when the subject is doing the verb, the passive verb form is used when the subject is receiving the verb form is used when the subject is doing or receiving the something to or with themselves.

What are different tenses in Arabic? The present tense is usually simple, meaning that subject does something every time the verb is spoken. The past tense is made of two parts: the past simple, which is still a simple form, and the past continuous. which shows that the subject was doing something at different times. The future tense is also simple, with just the verb. However, there are future continuous and future perfect tenses, which show that the subject will be doing something at different times until a certain point in time.

What is an active participle in Arabic? It is a verb form that shows the action of the verb taken as a whole, rather than the action of its individual components.

What is a passive participle in Arabic? It is a type of verbal noun that indicates the receiver of the action or the one who is affected by the action of the verb.

What are adverbs in Arabic language? Adverbs are words that modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. They are often used to express degree or time.

What is hamza in Arabic language? It ia an archaic letter and its pronounced as a glottal stop.